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Sheridan County School District #2 > Which Agreement Was The First To Give Colonists Representative Government

Which Agreement Was The First To Give Colonists Representative Government

On November 11, 1620, 41 adult male settlers, including two early servants, signed the Mayflower Compact, although it was not so called. Immediately after the approval of the Mayflower Pact, the signatories chose John Carver (one of the pilgrimage guides) as the governor of their colony. They called it Plymouth Plantation. When Governor Carver died in less than a year, William Bradford, 31, replaced him. Each year, the “politics of the civil body,” made up of all adult men except naturalized servants, met to elect the governor and a small number of assistants. Bradford was re-elected 30 times between 1621 and 1656. In the early years Governor Bradford decided fairly precisely how the colony should be managed. Few people have contradicted his one-man rule. When the colony`s population grew because of immigration, several new towns emerged. The wandering and increasingly dispersed population had difficulty participating in the court, as the government meetings in Plymouth were called.

In 1639, deputies were sent to represent each city at other court meetings. Not only autonomy, but also representative government had gained a foothold on American soil. The English Magna Carta, written more than 400 years before the Mayflower Compact, established the principle of the rule of law. In England, this still meant the king`s law. The Mayflower Compact pursued the idea of the law that was made by people. This idea is at the heart of democracy. Since its raw beginning in Plymouth, self-government has evolved into the town halls of New England and large local governments in colonial America. At the time of the constitutional convention, the mayflower pact was almost forgotten, but not the powerful idea of self-management. Born out of the plight of the Mayflower, the pact made an important contribution to the creation of a new democratic nation.

The full text of the Mayflower Compact In the colony`s early decades, the French population numbered only a few hundred, while the southern English colonies were much more populated and prosperous. In 1627, France invested in New France and promised hundreds of new settlers rural plots in the hope of turning the territory into a major commercial and agricultural colony. Samuel Champlain was appointed governor of New France. The colony forbade non-Roman Catholics to live there, and Protestants had to renounce their faith to settle in New France.