This site demands javascript

skip to main content

Unfccc Agreements

On the one hand, Objective 13: to take urgent action to combat climate change and its effects, That “the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the main intergovernmental international forum for negotiating the global response to climate change” (United Nations, 2016a, b) and that it is necessary to “implement the commitment made by the parties of industrialized countries to jointly mobilize $100 billion a year by 2020 from all The sources. Developing countries, as part of effective action on climate change and transparency in the implementation and full implementation of the Green Climate Fund by its capitalization, as quickly as possible” (United Nations, 2016a, b). On the other hand, as Alvin Leong points out, Article 4, paragraph 1, point c), of the UNFCCC requires all countries to cooperate on reducing gas emissions in the energy, transport, industry, agriculture and forestry sectors, while MBS 7 (energy), 11 (cities), 9 (industrialization), 2 (agriculture) and 15 (forests) deal specifically with these issues (Leong , 2015). In addition, the UNFCCC agreements and the SDGs were the result of an international effort within the framework of the United Nations, although these were two separate processes. As part of the Cancun Agreements, developed and developing countries submitted mitigation plans to the UNFCCC. [39] [40] These plans are developed as part of the Bali Action Plan. Alongside the UNFCCC and its agreements, heads of state and government around the world have recently adopted the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda. Over the next 15 years, countries should strive to end “all forms of poverty, combat inequality and combat climate change, while ensuring that no one is left behind” (United Nations, 2016a, b). The 2030 agenda contains 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets in the “three dimensions of sustainable development: economics, social and environmental” (United Nations, 2016a,b). Although the SDGs are not formally linked to the UNFCCC, they are inextricably linked (Leong, 2015). Understanding this relationship is essential to have a global vision of the role of the United Nations in developing a climate change governance structure.

In addition to the Kyoto Protocol (and its amendment) and the Paris Agreement, the parties to the convention agreed to other commitments at the conferences of the parties to the UNFCCC. These include the Bali Action Plan (2007), [28] the Copenhagen Agreement (2009), [29] on the Cancun Agreements (2010), [30] and the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (2012). [31] This international organization has served as a major intergovernmental platform for countries to discuss climate change and take action. By providing its members with a “forum of opinion to the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council, another body and other committees” (United Nations, 2015a, b), the United Nations has been able to become a mechanism for governments to discuss climate change and find areas of agreement for a common solution, in accordance with the intention of the UNFCCC and the agreements reached in this framework. However, in order to combat climate change, it is necessary to harmonize the results sought by the energy sector, which are responsible for more than two-thirds of global greenhouse gas emissions, and the results set out in the global climate agenda. This process has been phased in by the IEA and IRENA in recent years. The international climate regime, which includes the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol and all related activities of these agreements, has largely failed due to the lack of political will of the governments of developed countries as parties to the convention that depend on the DSP. The UNFCCC was originally conceived as a framework convention and therefore had no objectives or timetables.