1900 Buganda Agreement Summary
The Ugandan Agreement of 1900 (See Native Agreement and Native Laws, Laws of the In 1935, Sir Philip Mitchell arrived in Uganda as governor after serving in Tanganjika for the past sixteen years. He was convinced that the relationship between Uganda and the protective power should have a different character than that of the local authorities and the Tanganjika government.  Recognizing that the early protectorate had produced a pattern of growing distrust and clandestine change, Mitchell devised a plan to reform and restructure the system between the protectorate government and the Buganda government.  In asserting that the relationship between the protectorate government and the government of Buganda`s mother was that of protected and non-indirect domination, he planned to replace the post of provincial commissioner of Buganda with a resident and to remove district officials from the centre, provided that Kabaka was required to follow the advice of the resident and his collaborators.  However, under the Ugandan Convention of 1900, Kabaka was only required to respond to such advice in the case of the implementation of the Lukiiko resolutions. Relations between Kabaka, the protectorate government and its ministers deteriorated and, due to the limited power of the governor under the 1900 agreement to impose its council on Kabaka, the reorganization led to a steady decline in the influence that the protectorate government could exert in Buganda.  Few documents can refer to Ugandan politics and the economy as a singular document signed on 10 March 1900. It was pointless that the British, after signing the agreement, turned to their Baganda employees using Lugard`s methods of indirect domination in an attempt to extend their influence over the rest of Uganda. On Tuesday, March 10, the 120th anniversary of the kingdom of Buganda, under kabaka (king) Daudi Chwa, jumped to bed with the British. The signing of the agreement not only took away the rights of the kingdom, but paved the way for the tutelage and plundering of other parts of Uganda. The agreement anchored British rule in Buganda and also gave the Baganda the opportunity to extend their influence to other parts of the country.
Territories that were not under the kingdoms were taken over by Buganda`s neocolonial agents such as Semei Kakungulu. The agreement was negotiated by Alfred Tucker, Bishop of Uganda, and signed, among others, by Mr. Katikiro Apollo Kagwa, on behalf of Kabaka (Daudi Cwa II), then a young child, and Sir Harry Johnston on behalf of the British colonial government. This responsibility rests with Sir Henry Hamilton Johnston, who arrived in Uganda in 1899 and assumed the role of Consul General on the Ugandan protectorate. Johnston`s main task would be to ensure the signing of the so-called Ugandan (B) agreement of 1900. That is what changed the agreement. The area of Buganda, then estimated at 19,600 square miles, ranged from Kabaka to four categories.